DIRECTORY FOR BOTANY: CONSERVATION, THREATENED PLANTS
Original location of this page: http://www.helsinki.fi/kmus/botcons.html
in Boreal Forests. Biodiversity in Boreal Forests is
a joint project between the University of Helsinki,
Finnish Evironment Institute, Finnish Forest Industries
Federation, and Finnish Forest Research Institute. The
primary aim of this joint project is to increase our
understanding of the ecology and dynamics of
forest-dwelling species in boreal forests, and thereby
introduce the presently lacking element of population
biology and ecology into the landscape ecological forest
and Conservation, A Hypertext Book by Peter J.
Bryant, School of Biological Sciences, University of
Conservation Information System
Biodiversity Forum. The Biodiversity Forum is a
non-profit organization based in Vienna, Virginia USA,
dedicated to the conservation of biological diversity
Permits Page by Luis A. Ruedas, Museum of
Southwestern Biology, Department of Biology, University
of New Mexico. A world-wide list of authorities giving
research and collecting permits.
Biology Listserver, Colorado, USA.
- Convention on
International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna
and Flora (CITES), from UNEP (United Nations
Environment Programme, Geneva, Switzerland). CITES
establishes world-wide controls on the international
trade in threatened species of animals and plants. It
requires that this trade be subject to authorization by
government-issued permits or certificates. In the case of
species threatened with extinction, CITES prohibits all
commercial trade in wild specimens. The Convention was
signed in 1975 and more than 125 countries are members.
- Convention on
International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna
and Flora (CITES) / WCMC site. Here you can find the
CITES-listed species which occur in a certain country or
find out when particular species were listed.
Alternatively you can access the Resolutions and
Decisions from past Conferences of the Parties and many
other documents. Information is given n each of the three
official languages used by CITES (English, French and
reports on the state of plant genetic resources by
Information Network. The Desertification Information
Network (DIN) aims to provide information to a varied
audience, including those who (i) require basic
information such as the educationalists, media and the
general public, (ii) are actively involved in
desertification research and (iii) make decisions that
effect desertification. Information products are
available at each of these user levels. This
Desertification Information Network has been facilitated
by the CEC-Centre For Earth Observation and is managed by
the World Conservation Monitoring Centre, UK.
- Fauna & Flora
International. The mission of Fauna & Flora
International is to safeguard the future of endangered
species of animals and plants. FFI, founded in 1903, is
the world's longest-established international
- Gaia Forest
Greenpeace International (Amsterdam, the Netherlands).
Species Bibliography, California Academy of Sciences,
species (USA bias) by EE-Link. The links on this page
represent a compendium of information that is available
about Endangered Species on the Internet. The original
source for much of this information is the US Fish and
Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna Maps, US
Society for Environmental Protection - ISEP, from
Austria. The International Society for Environmental
Protection (ISEP) was founded in 1987 by a committee of
renowned scientists, business people, and representatives
of government agencies to establish a global platform for
environmental information exchange. Funding for the
Society is provided by its members -- well-known
companies and research institutions -- concerned with
environmental protection, sustainable development, and
related stress-reducing strategies for humans and
ecological systems. Membership in ISEP is open for all
- IUCN, The World
Conservation Union. IUCN Species
Survival Commission (SSC). The mission of the Species
Survival Commission (SSC) is to conserve biological
diversity by developing and executing programs to study,
save, restore, and manage wisely species and their
habitats. SSC is one of the six volunteer commissions of
IUCN. - IUCN
Red List Categories
der globalen Phytodiversität - BIOMAPS / Biodiversity
Mapping for Protection and Sustainable Use of Natural
Resources, Botanisches Institut und Botanischer
Garten, Abt. für Systematik und Biodiversität,
Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn.
- The (NAFTA) Commission for
Environmental Cooperation (CEC)
- The Native Plant
Conservation Initiative Homepage. The Native Plant
Conservation Initiative is dedicated to education about,
preservation of and restoration of native plants.
- Natural Heritage
Network Central Web Server, USA and Natural Heritage
Network Central FTP Server, USA. This project is a
joint effort of the Association
for Biodiversity Information (ABI) and The
Nature Conservancy (TNC), USA. Support for this
homepage is also provided from the U.S. Geological Survey,
Biological Resources Division. ABI was formed by and
works to benefit the network of biodiversity data centers
across the Western Hemisphere known as the Network of
Natural Heritage Programs and Conservation Data Centres.
This network currently includes eighty-five biodiversity
data centers across the Western Hemisphere (including
Hawaii). These programs and data centers exist in the
United States, Canada, Latin America and the Caribbean
and collectively represent the largest ongoing effort to
collect standardized data on endangered plants, animals
- Naturenet. UK
based, naturtenet includes listing by county/region of
sites and areas of conservation interest; contacts for UK
and international organisations involved in practical
conservation; full descriptions and links describing
designations such as SSSI, NNR etc.; links to other UK
and international sites.
Diversity and Destruction by Dave Kristula. The
purpose of this paper is introduce the reader to the
truths about the rainforests and its destruction.
Reference List For Plant Re-introductions, Recovery Plans
and Restoration Programmes from the Royal Botanic
Gardens Kew, UK.
- United Nations Environment
Programme, UNEP from Geneva, Switzerland. This Web
has been established by UNEP's Information Unit on
Climate Change (IUCC) to make information from
Geneva-based secretariats more widely available.
- WCMC, The
World Conservation Monitoring Centre, UK; also
accessible via WCMC ftp.
Here you can find the Biodiversity
Profile for India and Vietnam,
Status Listing of Indian Plants, Plant
Species Database (nomenclatural, distribution and
conservation status information on 82,500 species,
subspecies and varieties of vascular plants worldwide
(over 1/4 of the described higher plants). This taxon-
based information is linked to 145,000 distribution
records and 17,000 data source records), Protected
Areas Database, Protected
Areas Virtual Library, 1993
United Nations List of National Parks and Protected Areas,
plants of Vietnam.
- WWF Global
Network, World Wide Fund for Nature.
National Wilderness Database, ERIN.
- Australian Network
for Plant Conservation (ANPC)
Public Lands and Protected Areas, from ERIN.
World Heritage Areas, from ERIN.
Reserves in Australia, from ERIN.
Threatened Species Network (NTSN), Australia. The
NTSN is a non-government, community network which seeks
to help protect threatened plants and animals and their
habitats throughout Australia. The NTSN focuses on
increasing people's awareness of threatened species, and
encouraging the community to get involved in the
protection and recovery of threatened species and their
- Papua New
Guinea Rainforest & Biodiversity Information,
from Gaia Forest Conservation Archives.
Regional Forest Agreement: Rare or Threatened Tasmanian
Forest Ferns, Michael Garrett, Reort to the Tasmanian
RFA Environment and Heritage Technical Committee, January
and Marine Protected Areas in Australia, from ERIN.
Plants of Tasmania, Australia
- Ballerina (Baltic
Sea Region On-Line Environmental Information Resources
for Internet Access). BALLERINA is the result of a
co-operative effort to provide comprehensive information
about issues on environment, natural resources and
sustainable development relating to this transboundary
region. Ballerina is supported by Ministry of
Environment-Norway, European Environment Agency and
Ministry of Environment-Sweden and Swedish Environmental
Sea Region Statistical Database (BASICS): Biodiversity
and nature protection. BASICS is a compilation of
statistics dealing with the Baltic Sea region. Most of
the statistics are on a national level, related to most
of the countries fully or partly within the Baltic Sea
drainage basin; Belarus, Denmark, Estonia, Finland,
Germany, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Poland, Russia,
Sweden and Ukraine. The thematical focus is on variables
connected to sustainable development, natural resources
and environment, grouped into a limited number of
provisoires de distribution des Plantes protégées en
Belgique. Distribution maps of the plants protected
- Conoscere la Natura
e il Territorio by Daniele Savio, Italy, Progetto
Ambiento Home Page.
- European Centre for Nature
Conservation, the Netherlands. This service tells you
about ECNC and its activities. It also aims to give full
information on nature in Europe, focusing especially on
biodiversity and sustainable development. - European
Nature Conservation Organizations - The
Natural Environment by Country - The
Natural Environment by Subject - EU
Habitats Directive and Bern
- European Environment Agency,
Denmark. The main goal of the EEA and its wider network,
EIONET, is to deliver high quality environmental
information to the European Union and the Member States,
as well as to the general public.
European Topic Center for Nature Conservation (Paris,
France), Le Centre Thématique Européen pour la
Conservation de la Nature (CTE/CN).
PROJECT: Methodology for an Assessment of Europe's
resources in agriculture. Information on European
Union Regulation (EC) No 1467/94 on the conservation,
characterization, collection and utilization of genetic
resources in agriculture. The text of the Regulation and
information on the current Community programme. The
mid-term Report on the implemention of the Regulation.
Information on the projects already underway. Locations
and addresses of partners in projects. Contact points in
the Member States.
- HELCOM (Helsinki
Commission) Home Page, Finland. The first Convention
on the Protection of the Marine Environment of the Baltic
Sea Area was signed in 1974 by the coastal states of the
Baltic Sea at that time. In 1992 , a new Convention was
signed by all the countries bordering on the Baltic Sea
and by the European Economic Community. The governing
body of the Convention is the Helsinki Commission -
Baltic Marine Environment Protection Commission - also
known as HELCOM. The present contracting parties to
HELCOM are Denmark, Estonia, European Community, Finland,
Germany, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Russia and Sweden.
rouge des phanérogames et ptéridophytes and Liste
des plantes protégées by Musée National d'Histoire
Wetlands: Succession and Restoration by the
Freshwater and River Ecology Research Unit, Université
Claude Bernard-Lyon 1, France. Aims of the project are to
study the role of inputs and outputs on the riverine
wetland dynamics, and, more particularly, the role of
flood disturbances in ecological successions; application
in wetland restoration through ecological engineering.
Scottish Rare Plant Project. Information on The
Scottish Rare Plant Project, based at the Royal Botanic
Garden Edinburgh, launched in 1991.
Threatened Species Unit. The Swedish Threatened
Species Unit works with biodiversity in Sweden and is the
focal point for information on threatened species and
biodiversity in Sweden. The main tasks are to collect,
evaluate and store the most important information about
threatened and rare plant and animal species. A basic
part in this work is to assess degrees and types of
threat and to prepare the national so called Red Lists
and Red Data Books. Much the work is focused on
information through publications, conferences etc.
Through this homepage professional and amateur
conservationists are able to gain information about the
red-listed species in Sweden. - Official Swedish
Red Lists, ICCL
Preliminary Global Red List of Lichens
- State of
Environment Norway. A comprehensive annual report
from the UNEP/Grid-Arendal.
Information Network in Finland
- FIBRE - Finnish
Biodiversity Research Home Page
- Finnish Association for
Nature Conservation, Suomen Luonnonsuojeluliitto
- List of
Threatened Vascular Plants of Finland from the Report
on the Monitoring of Threatened Animals and Plants in
Finland (1992) from the Botanical Museum,
Finnish Museum of Natural History, University of
of regional reports on threatened vascular plants in
Finland, from the Botanical Museum,
Finnish Museum of Natural History, University of
lichens in Finland, by Sampsa Lommi, University of
de América Latina , Mexico.
of the State of São Paulo - BIOTASP. BDT (Base de
Dados Tropical - Brazil) is participating in an
initiative coordinated by Prof. Carlos Joly to map the
biodiversity of the State of São Paulo (biotasp).
- INBio, Costa Rica
Biodiversity Program WWW Server.
- The Jatun Sacha
Foundation. Long affiliated with the Missouri
Botanical Garden, the Jatun Sacha Foundation offers
volunteer opportunities for Ecuadorian and international
volunteers at the three Biological Research Stations it
owns and manages in Ecuador's tropical forests.
Volunteers help with agroforestry, reforestation,
environmental education, health, nutrition, construction
and basic research projects. The three work sites
include: The 3150 hectare Bilsa Biological Station
located in western Ecuador, the 1000 hectare Guandera
Biological Station protecting highland Andean forest, and
the 2000 hectare Jatun Sacha Biological Station in
Tropical Rainforest in Surinam. A multimedia walk
through the rainforest in Suriname. Read about plants,
animals, Indians, Maroons, see pictures, hear sounds.
Directed at secondary school level, of interest to any
naturalist. Emphasis on the epiphyte vegetation.
Nature Conservancy, USA. Descriptions of nature
conservancy preserves in Arizona.
Bergen Swamp Preservation Society, USA. The Bergen
Swamp Preservation Society (BSPS) is chartered by the New
York State Board of Regents to protect fragile wetlands
and to provide educational and research opportunities.
BSPS owns and protects more than 3000 acres of unique
wetlands in 5 locations in upstate New York.
- The Biodiversity
Action Network, USA. A network of U.S. organizations
working to conserve biological diversity.
State Listed Threatened and Endangered Animals and Plants
(1992), State of California, Department of Fish &
Game, USA.The 1992 Annual Report summarizes the status of
73 animals and 213 plants listed as rare, threatened, or
endangered by the California Fish and Game Commission.
Four species of plants and one animal designated as
candidates for listing are also reviewed. Legislation
affecting endangered species, funding programs, and
habitat preservation programs is also discussed.
(Wildflowers in Landscape Design). Preserving and
Enhancing Native Vegetation on California's Roadsides. A
project of the California Department of Transportation
(Caltrans) Office of State Landscape Architecture.
for Plant Conservation. The Center for Plant
Conservation (CPC), hosted at the Missouri Botanical
Garden (St. Louis, USA), is dedicated to conserving rare
plants native to the United States in an integrated plant
conservation context through a systematic national
program of ex situ plant conservation, research, and
education. A consortium of twenty-five of America's
leading botanical gardens and arboreta, CPC maintains 486
of America's rarest plant species in live, protective
custody in the National Collection of Endangered Plants.
The Center also complements and supports in situ
conservation efforts by implementing rare plant research
and education programs, organizing rare plant task forces
around the country, and producing strategic plans for
plant conservation initiatives.
Appalachian Biodiversity Project, USA. CABP home page
created by for Central Appalachian Biodiversity Project,
based in Hedgesville, West Virginia (USA). The site
provides links to Heartwood and other groups working to
bring ecological sanity to the Appalachians. The CABP
Home Page will provide timely information pertaining to
the Central Appalachian Bioregion.
Plants of Ontario Web Site. A project of the Canadian
Botanical Conservation Network and Department of Biology,
Plant Management in Redwood National and State Parks.
This is the home page linking to 21 pages (Oct 1996)
describing management of exotic pest plants in Redwood
National and State Parks, California (USA).
Protected Plants of Georgia, by Dr. Kim D. Coder,
Extension Forest Resources, USA.
Federal Interagency Committee for the Management of
Noxious and Exotic Weeds from National Wildlife
Refuge System, USA.
Native Plant Data Exchange. Species descriptions,
photos, and discussion of Florida's native plant species.
Endangered and Threatened Species by Bishop Museum's
Hawaii Biological Survey (HBS)
- Illinois Natural
History Survey, USA.
Idaho Conservation Data Center (CDC), USA is the
central repository for information related to the state's
rare plant and animal populations. Here you can find
lists of rare plants of Idaho.
Prairie Network, USA. Iowa Prairie Network is a
private non- profit organization dedicated to to study,
teaching about and protecting Iowa Prairie heritage.
Department of Conservation, USA. A comprehensive
source of information about the natural resources in the
state of Missouri.
- Montana Natural
Heritage Program, USA. The Montana Natural Heritage
Program (MTNHP) systematically collects information on
Montana's biological features, emphasizing threatened,
endangered, or sensitive (TES) plants, animals, and plant
communities. The Heritage Program is a part of the
Montana Natural Resource Information System. Montana
Natural Heritage Program: Vascular Plants of Special
National Collection of Endangered Plants, from the
Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, USA. As of
September 15, 1995, the National Collection of Endangered
Plants contained seeds, cuttings and whole plants of 486
plant species native to the United States. The Collection
is stored at the 25 gardens and arboreta that form the
network known as the Center for Plant Conservation.
- National Parks
and Conservation Association (NPCA), USA. America's
only private nonprofit citizen organization dedicated
solely to protecting, preserving, and enhancing the U.S.
National Park System. NPCA was founded in 1919 and today
has more than 450,000 members.
- Natural Heritage
Network, USA. This project is a joint effort of The
Nature Conservancy and the Association for Biodiversity
Information (ABI). Support is also provided from the
Biological Resources Division, U.S. Geological Survey.
ABI represents 85 biodiversity information centers across
the Western Hemisphere (and Hawaii) known as the Network
of Natural Heritage Programs and Conservation Data
Centers. Central and regional support to the network is
provided by The Nature Conservancy. Biodiversity centers
exist in the United States, Canada, and Latin America.
Centers with World Wide Web servers already exist in
California, Maine, Montana and Oklahoma and more are in
- Nature Conservancy Home
Page, USA. The Nature Conservancy operates the
largest private system of nature sanctuaries in the world
- more than 1,500 preserves in the United States alone.
Biodiversity Initiative, University of Nevada, Reno,
USA. The primary purpose of the Nevada Biodiversity
Initiative (NBI) is to conserve the rich and diverse
biological resources in the state
Jersey Natural Heritage Program, USA. Rare species
lists, reports, surveys and forms from the New Jersey
Natural Heritage Program.
Natural Heritage Inventory, USA. The Oklahoma Natural
Heritage Inventory (ONHI) is a continuing,
computer-assisted biological inventory in the Oklahoma
Biological Survey. The inventory exists to identify
species and natural communities that are of significant
or of special concern within the state, and to help
establish protection priorities for them.
conservation in the Hawaiian archipelago (Germain
Species and Distribution Maps for the Great Basin,
from the Biological resources Research Center, University
of Nevada, Reno, USA.
Rare and Endangered Plants of San Mateo and Santa Clara
County with Photographs and Illustrations, a book by
Toni Corelli and Zoe Chandik.
Plants of San Diego County by Craig H. Reiser (USA)
Fund (USA) is a nonprofit land conservancy working to
protect redwood forest lands in the Santa Cruz Mountains
and to make that land available for public enjoyment.
- The Sierra Club,
USA, is a non-profit member-supported, public interest
organization that promotes conservation of the natural
environment by influencing public policy
decisions--legislative, administrative, legal, and
Division of Natural Heritage, USA. The Tennessee
Natural Heritage Program is part of The Natural Heritage
Network. Here you can find information on the Rare Plant
Protection Program, Rare and Endangered Plant List of
Tennessee, and more.
and Endangered Plant Species at Kennedy Space Center,
Corelli's Home Page. Toni Corelli is a botanist and
environmental consultant from San Francisco, California,
USA, specializing in the Rare and Endangered Plants of
San Mateo and Santa Clara Counties. Information about the
local Chapter of the California Native Plant Society.
Endangered Species by Region, USA.
- US Department of
Agriculture: Natural Resources Conservation Service
USDA/CIESIN Global Environmental Change Data Assessment
and Integration Project, USA. Te Consortium for
International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN)
was established in 1989 as a private, nonprofit
corporation with members form leading universities and
non government research organizations. The corporation
was formed in response to a directive by the United
States Congress and is dedicated to furthering the
interdisciplinary study of global environmental change.
CIESIN is agency-neutral, specializing in the access and
integration of physical, natural. and socioeconomic
information across scientific disciplines. CIESIN's
mission is to provided access to and enhance the use of
information worldwide, advancing understanding of human
interactions in the environment, and serving the needs of
science, and public and private decision making.
- US Fish and Wildlife
Service - National
Wetlands Inventory (NWI), U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
FWS Endangered Species Program, USA
- U.S. Geological Survey,
Biological Resources Division, USA; National Biological
Listed Non-Flowering Plant Species Index By Lead Region
and Status, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
National Park Service (NPS), USA.
- USA, Environmental
Protection Agency (EPA) WWW Server
Virginia Natural Heritage Program maintains an
extensive listing of Rare
plants and animals for the state of Virginia, USA
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|This page was last updated
December 11, 1998 by
|Raino.Lampinen@Helsinki.Fi, Botanical Museum,
Finnish Museum of Natural History (H)