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Willdenowia 34 – Article34212

Willdenowia – Annals of the Botanic Garden and Botanical Museum Berlin-Dahlem
ISSN 0511-9618
© 2004 BGBM Berlin-Dahlem.

Eren, Ö., Gökçeoglu, M. & Parolly, G. 2004: The flora and vegetation of Bakirli Dagi (Western Taurus Mts, Turkey), including annotations on critical taxa of the Taurus range.
Willdenowia 34: 463-503.

A monograph of Bakirli Dagi, the northern summit range of the eastern Beydaglari in the Western Taurus Mts, Turkey, is given. It includes an annotated floristic catalogue of 539 taxa and a survey of the high mountain vegetation. For eight taxa considerable distribution range extensions are reported. Seventeen taxa are new records for the Flora of Turkey grid C3. Distribution maps are presented for Helichrysum plicatum subsp. isauricum and Poa akmanii. Minuartia dianthifolia s.l. is revised; its subsp. cataonica and subsp. kurdica are sunk in synonymy of the 'type' subspecies. Two taxa, M. dianthifolia var. longipetala and M. ×antalyensis are described as new to science. The diagnosis of the recently described Arabis lycia is amended for carpological characters. The flora in general is characterised as rich in endemics (28.2 %) of chiefly E Mediterranean (montane) origin and enhanced proportions of E Mediterranean and Irano-Anatolian chorotypes as mono– or biregionals, reflecting the position of the study area at the coastal face of the Taurus, which is situated at the intersection of Mediterranean and Irano-Turanian territories. In spite of increasing human impact by skiing and cattle-breeding, the zonation of the subalpine vegetation belts remained chiefly intact, whereas the oreal forests have been largely replaced by xerophytic secondary dwarf shrub communities. A total of 13 asylvatic plant communities (in phytosociological terms) are distinguished in altitudes between 1800-2547 m, each briefly treated in site-ecological and symmorphological respects and classified syntaxonomically. Due to a taxonomically necessary correction, the combination Aethionemo lycii-Laserpitietum petrophili subass. arabidetosum lyciae is made. A vegetation profile of Bakirli Dagi has been established, showing additionally the distribution of the different chorotypes within the communities along an altitudinal transect.

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