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Andere Datenbanken und weitere Ressourcen zur Taxonomie und Systematik

Internet-Ressourcen zur Botanik: Taxonomie, Systematik, Pflanzengeographie /
Internet Resources Botany: Taxonomy, Systematics, Plant Geography

1. Botanisch relevante Webportale
2. Datenbanken zu Pflanzennamen
Andere Datenbanken und weitere Ressourcen zur Taxonomie und Systematik
Botanische Fachwörterbücher, Glossare, etc.
Botanische Lehrbücher & Kursmaterialien
Literatur-Recherche online – Spezielle botanische Bibliographien und Literatur-Datenbanken
7. Literatur-Recherche online – Allgemeine botanische und allgemeine Kataloge


Andere Datenbanken und weitere Ressourcen zur Taxonomie und Systematik

  • Angiosperm Phylogeny Website, by P. F. Stevens, University of Missouri, St Louis, and Missouri Botanical Garden.

  • The INSDC (International Nucleotide Sequence Database Collaboration) comprises the DNA Database of Japan (DDBJ), the European Nucleotide Archive (ENA) at the European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), and GenBank at NCBI (USA). These three organizations collect portions of the total sequence data reported worldwide, and all new and updated database entries are exchanged between them on a daily basis. "INSDC covers the spectrum of data raw reads, though alignments and assemblies to functional annotation, enriched with contextual information relating to samples and experimental configurations."

  • Phylogeny programms  listed by Joe Felsenstein, Department of Genome Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle. "194 of the phylogeny packages, and 16 free servers, that I know about. It is an attempt to be completely comprehensive. ... The programs listed include both free and non-free ones; in some cases I do not know whether a program is free. I have listed as free those that I knew were free; for the others you have to ask their distributor."

  • Flowering Plant Family Identification,  ActKey (by Harvard University Herbaria) partly illustrated implementation of the punched card system for flowering plant family identification by Hansen & Rahn (1969). – Another electronic form of the same key is by Ray Phillips at the University of Oklahoma and at Colby College." 

  • The families of flowering plants, Descriptions, Illustrations, Identification, and Information Retrieval by L. Watson and M. J. Dallwitz. 

  • Index to Plant Chromosome Numbers (Missouri Botanical Garden) "aims to extract and index original plant chromosome numbers of naturally occurring and cultivated plants published throughout the world. ... Data from published indexes from 1979 onward are available for consultation through this facility". – An  Index to Chromosome Numbers in Asteraceae, cointaining the data of all printed indexes, is provided by Kuniaki Watanabe, Kobe University, Japan.

  • Inside Wood database – "The InsideWood project [of the Libraries and the Department of Wood and Paper Science, at North Carolina State University (NCSU), Raleigh, NC, USA] integrates wood anatomical information from the literature and original observations into an internet-accessible database useful for research and teaching. The InsideWood database contains brief descriptions of woody dicots (hardwoods) from more than 200 plant families, and is searchable by an interactive, multiple-entry key."

  • PalDat – Palynological Database of the Department of Ultrastructure Research and Palynology, University of Vienna –  "At present PalDat provides 7866 pictures of 1011 recent species, belonging to 603 genera, and 124 pictures of 32 fossil forms, belonging to 20 fossil genera" [August 2006]. "The database includes a detailed description of the pollen grain (shape in dry and hydrated condition, apertural details, wall-stratification and ornamentation, pollen coatings and cellular condition), images of each pollen grain (LM, SEM and TEM) and basic literature on each genus. Search forms allow to query the database in any combination of pollen grain characters, including images and literature. Moreover, a number of print-outs are available, e.g., standardized pollen grain description of each taxon, literature and/or images to each genus, a key to a selected family, herbarium labels".  – Photopal  "is an interactive bank of digital images of modern pollen grains and of their morphological description realized from modern pollen banks (Montpellier, Paris, Lyon, Stockholm, ..) with the help of the C.N.R.S. ( INSU), the Ministère de l'Enseignement Supérieur et de la Recherche, the Elf Company, the Lyon 1 and Montpellier 2 Universities."

  • The Linnean Collections – "The Linnean Society is the custodian of Linnaeus' collections, which comprises specimens of plants (14,000), fish (168), shells (1,564) and insects (3,198) acquired from the widow of Carl Linnaeus in 1784 by James Edward Smith as well as Smith's own plant (17,000 specimens) and insect (5,800) collections. The collections also include the library of Linnaeus (some 1600 volumes) and around 3000 letters and manuscripts.It is the Linnean Society's aim to make available its primary research material in digital formats to support taxonomic and conservation efforts worldwide as well as providing public pleasure and enjoyment."

  • Index Herbariorum, "a joint project of the International Association for Plant Taxonomy (IAPT) and The New York Botanical Garden (NYBG), is a detailed directory of 3,220+ public herbaria of the world and the 9,775+ staff members associated with them. Included in the on-line edition of Index Herbariorum is information for 3,240+ herbaria in 165 countries and 9,869+ staff members associated with these herbaria. Information for over 80% of the herbaria has been updated, and 581 herbaria have been added since the eighth edition of INDEX HERBARIORUM.Information is available for searching by institution, city, state, acronym, staff member, correspondent, and research specialty. Telephone and fax numbers and e-mail and URL addresses are included. The Index is fully searchable on research specialty, so it also serves as a PLANT SPECIALISTS INDEX."

  • Index of Botanical Publications (Harvard University Herbaria) enthält die Daten des "Botanico Periodicum Huntianum (BPH)" (Lawrence & al. 1968), "Botanico Periodicum Huntianum/Supplementum (BPH/S)" (Bridson and Smith 1991), darüberhinaus die Titel, Titelabkürzungen und Publikationsdaten aus "Taxonomic Literature, ed. 2 (TL-2)" (Stafleu & Cowan 1976, 1979, 1981, 1983, 1986, 1985, 1988), and "Taxonomic Literature, ed. 2, Suppl. 1-3 (TL-2/S)" (Stafleu & Mennega 1992, 1993, 1995) sowie die enstprechenden Daten weiterer, nicht in diesen Werken enthaltener Publikationen. – BPH online (Hunt Institute for Botanical Documentation) "is a fully indexed and searchable database documenting (as comprehensively as possible) periodicals published between 1665 and the present, which routinely address the plant sciences. BPH Online is composed of the datasets used to create the print editions of Botanico-Periodicum-Huntianum, its supplement, and BPH-2. BHP Online is essentially a Web-based version of BPH-2, with some corrections, and searching and browsing options intended to make it more interrogable".

  • The Index of Botanists  (Harvard University Herbaria) "plant name authors, collectors, and publication authors are combined into a single resource". –  Botanical Authors Database (IPNI) plant name authors and their standard abbreviation. – Cyclopaedia of Malesian collectors (Nationaal Herbarium Nederland). – Botanical Collectors Database: Africa (Natural History Museum London). – Australian Plant Collectors and Illustrators. – Register of Botanical Biography and Iconography (Hunt Institute of Botanical Documentation).

  • IndExs – Index of Exsiccatae (Botanische Staatssammlung München) – "IndExs comprises information on titles, abbreviations and bibliography of exsiccatae. Exsiccatae are defined here as "published, uniform, numbered sets of preserved specimens distributed with printed labels" (Pfister 1985). Please note that there are two similar Latin terms: "exsiccata, ae" is feminine and used for a set of dried specimens as defined above, whereas the term "exsiccatum, i" is neutral and used for dried specimens in general."

  • eFloras (by Harvard University Herbaria), a compilation of electronic Floras.

  • Botanic Gardens Conservation International – The Gateway to the World's Botanic GardensProvides, e.g. a directory of the botanic gardens worldwide.

  • International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (Shenzhen Code) 2018, by Turland N. J.,  Wiersema J. H., Barrie F. R., Greuter W., Hawksworth D. L., Herendeen P. S., Knapp S., Kusber W.-H., Li D.-Z., Marhold K., May T. W., McNeill J., Monro A. M., Prado, J., Price M. J. & Smith G. F. (Ed. & Compilers), adopted by the Nineteenth International Botanical Congress Shenzhen, China, July 2017; electronic version of the original English text. – The Overview of editions of the Code, by Paul van Rijckevorsel, interlinks the articles between the 19 editions of the Code from the Candollean "Lois" of 1867 to the present one. Very convenient and useful tool to explore the history of the Code's Articles, Recommendations, Examples, etc. Read "About this site" for the mode of navigation between the editions. – The site Conserved plant names: proposals and disposals provides "an index to the names proposed for conservation or rejection since the first proposals in 1892. The record for each name provides the citation for the relevant publications and indicates the final disposition of the proposal"

  • FloraWeb – Daten und Informationen zu Wildpflanzen und Vegetation Deutschlands – Hervorragendes Portal zu den Datenbanken des Bundesamtes für Naturschutz zu Flora, Vegetation, Arten- und Naturschutz in Deutschland (schließt e.g. die Daten von Wisskirchen & Haeupler 1998: "Standardliste der Farn- und Blütenpflanzen Deutschlands" ein). 

  • SYNTHESYS Portal zur Flora Deutschlands (BioCASE) – "Dieses Internetportal ... ermöglicht die Suche nach Daten zu einer bestimmten Pflanzenart sowie erweiterte Suchanfragen z.B. nach Fundorten, Sammlern oder Zeiträumen. Über eine erweiterte Suchfunktion werden die in den floristischen Standardlisten genannten Synonyme in die Suche mit einbezogen. Die Daten werden von verschiedenen Institutionen wie Herbarien oder Florendatenbanken über das GBIF-Netzwerk (Global Biodiversity Information Facilitiy) zur Verfügung gestellt."

  • Genetic Resources (BIG) "Das Bundesinformationssystem Genetische Ressourcen (BIG) bildet Informationen über Wild- und Kulturpflanzen in Deutschland aus verschiedenen dezentralen Datenbanken ab."  Themen: Pflanzenname, Eigenschaften, Vorkommen und Verbreitung, Gefährdung, Nutzung, Schutz, Abbildungen.

  • Florenliste von Deutschland: Gefäßpflanzen – Die federführend von K. P. Buttler (Frankfurt) zusammengestellte Florenliste für Deutschland enthält unter anderem mehrere Tausend geprüfte infraspezifische Namen, die in IPNI nicht erfasst sind, zudem die deutschen Namen und erstmals auch alle bekannten Daten zu unbeständigen Neophyten und Hybridsippen. Hinzu kommt eine Aufschlüsselung nach Bundesländern.